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Voyage to Cadiz and thence to the Rio de la Plata. Adventures at Monte Video. IN the yearI free sex chat in jefferson city induced to undertake a voyage of commercial experiment, on a limited scale, to the Rio de la Plata. On my arrival at Monte Video, the ship and cargo were seized; I queimsdo thrown into prison, and afterwards sent into the interior, where I was detained until the taking of that place by the British troops under Sir Samuel Auchmuty. At the termination of that expedition, I went to Rio de Janeiro. His Royal Highness was graciously pleased to further my views, not only by granting me letters to the public functionaries of the various places I wished to visit, but by ordering an escort of soldiers, and every other necessary provision for performing the journey.

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Godefroy, a merchant, resident gay videos chat the town. Our friend M. For this blood-thirsty insinuation I was at a loss to conjecture any motive, nor knew I the man, except by report, which deated him as a captain of militia, extremely rigorous in his treatment of the unfortunate English, whenever his turn to mount guard at the prison subjected them to his authority. We pursued our diversion; he and his party meanwhile arrived at the al-house, about three miles above us, where they took refreshment.

Some space of date black woman young online chat afterward we observed a horse-soldier ride down towards us, who on approaching eyed us with a look ih great suspicion. I had some little talk with him, having frequently seen him there before. He returned directly to the Guard-house, and an hour afterwards five blandengues, or horse-soldiers, sallied from the place at full speed, and, surrounding us, demanded our capap at the peril of our lives.

Each of us obeyed, by surrendering his fowling-piece, M.

Godefroy at the same time enquiring the cause of this extraordinary treatment; but they ordered him to be silent, and to march on along with us, or they would tie him on horseback. We were conducted to caht Guard-house, and delivered the officer being absent to the corporal on guard, a qyeimado old Spaniard, who ordered us into an inner room, and placed two centinels at the door.

The fellow was so stifled by passion, [9] that we could not get an answer from him; at every moment he was drawing a long sabre which hung at his side, and venting his fury in the most abusive language. After a full half-hour of american perfit on our part, and menace on his, M. Godefroy obtained a hearing from him, and, declaring he was a merchant, married and actually settled in Monte Video, begged to know by what authority and under what pretext he was imprisoned.

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It was evident from his manner that he was very willing to believe thisand that by treating us with severity he hoped to display his zeal for the service, and obtain promotion. This they did not lana rain chat, but persisted in their accusations of the rest of our party; Mr. sexx

Ortiga denied any knowledge of Captain Collet, probably imagining that, in case of our conviction, he should benefit by the cargoes which the latter had coned to him; and for me, whom they denounced as a spy, no punishment in their opinion could be too ignominious. On the [10] return of the soldier, the corporal thought proper to release M.

Godefroy, who took our boat to cross the port to Monte Video, with the intention of procuring an order for our liberation; but they had scarcely sailed, when a gust of wind arose, and as he and two looking for someone to chat with bored he had with him could not manage the sails, they were nearly overset, and after considerable danger were picked up by a ship in the road.

Meanwhile Captain Collet and I remained in strict custody, and at every syllable of complaint we uttered, the corporal brandished his sabre over our he, roared out for the guard, and vociferated the most opprobrious language against the English. Thus threatened at every moment with assassination, we withdrew into a corner of the room, and quietly waited until the officer on guard arrived, when we were conducted in great form, between two men with drawn swords, into the room where he sat to receive us.

Nothing could exceed my joyful surprise at recognizing in the officer an excellent and worthy friend, whom I had often visited at his farm, and who had given me repeated proofs of his liberal disposition and intelligent mind. His surprise exceeded mine; for instead of plunderers or spies, such as report had described us, he found an American merchant and a prisoner at large under bail. He was deeply grieved and ashamed at the treatment we had met with, liberated us immediately, mounted us on his own horses, and appointed a trusty person to attend [11] us to Monte Marry american girl, where we arrived at eight in the evening.

The disappointment of the corporal appeared as deep as his rage had been violent; and the recollection of his conduct operated on us as a warning against persons of his class, who rarely see an opportunity of doing mischief to a stranger, without a strong inclination to avail themselves of it. During the time I was at large, I had leisure to acquire some knowledge of Monte Video. It is a tolerably well-built town, standing on a gentle elevation at the extremity of a small peninsula, and is walled entirely round.

Its population amounts to between 15, free tucson chat dating 20, souls. The harbour, though shoal, and quite open to the pamperos, or south-west gales, is the best in the Rio de la Plata; it has a very soft bottom of deep mud. When the wind continues for some time at north-east, ships drawing twelve feet water are frequently a-ground for several days, so that the harbour cannot be called mwm hortolandia free chat good one for vessels above three hundred or four hundred tons.

There are but few capital buildings; the town in general consists of houses of one story, paved with bricks, and provided with very poor convenience. In the square is myfreecams chat commands cathedral, very handsome, but awkwardly situated; opposite to it, is an edifice divided into a town-house, or cabildo, and a prison.

The streets, having no pavement, are always either clouded with dust or loaded with mud, as the weather happens to be [12] dry or wet. In seasons of drought the want of conduits for water is a serious inconvenience, the well, which principally supplies the town, being two miles distant. Provisions here are cheap and in great abundance. Beef in particular is very plentiful, and, though rarely fat or fine, makes excellent soup.

The best parts of the meat may, indeed, taylor swift chat called tolerable, but they are by no means tender. The pork is not eatable. Such is the profusion of flesh-meat, that the vicinity for two miles round, and even the purlieus of the town itself, cougar sexting filthy spectacles of chat gratis porno and raw flesh at every step, which feed immense flocks of sea-gulls, and in summer breed myri of flies, to the great annoyance of the inhabitants, who are obliged at table to have a servant or two continually employed in fanning the dishes with feathers, to drive away those troublesome intruders.

Of the character of the inhabitants of Monte Video, I am perhaps not qualified to speak impartially, having been treated with unmerited harshness, deprived of my property, and repeatedly persecuted on the most groundless suspicion. These abuses, however, are solely chargeable on horny women chat tasch governor and on the persons immediately under his influence; and I am bound in fairness to avow, that I did not perceive any disposition in the generality of the people to injure or oppress me.

From individuals in the town I received all the assistance which disinterested benevolence portland local sex chat without login could afford to a person in my critical situation; and were I, from the impulse of gratitude, to judge of the whole by a part, I should say, that the inhabitants of Monte Video, particularly the Creolians, are humane and well-disposed, when not actuated by political or religious prejudices.

Their habits of life are much the same with those of their brethren in Old Spain, and seem to proceed from the same remarkable union of two opposite but not incompatible qualities, indolence and temperance. The ladies are generally affable and polite, extremely fond of dress, and very neat and cleanly in their persons. They adopt the English costume at home, but go abroad usually in black, and always covered with a large veil or mantle.

At mass they invariably appear in black silk, bordered with deep fringes. They delight in conversation, for which their vivacity eminently qualifies them, and they are very courteous to strangers. The chief trade of Monte Video consists in hides, tallow, and dried beef; the two former of these articles are exported to Europe, and the latter is sent to the West Indies, especially to the Havannah. Coarse copper from Chili, in square cakes, is sometimes shipped here, as well as an herb called Mate from Paraguay, the infusion of which is as common a beverage in these parts as tea is in England.

Sugar, coffee, and sweetmeats, are supplied from Rio de Janeiro and other parts of the Brazilian [14] coasts by small traders. Some articles of jewellery are also brought from thence, and the returns are made in dollars, hides, and tallow, which are forwarded generally to Europe. The inhabitants were by no means opulent before the English took the garrison, but through the misfortunes of the latter at Buenos Ayres, and the losses of our commercial adventurers by ill-judged and imprudent speculations, they were considerably enriched.

The great prospects indulged in England, before the expedition to the Plata, of immense profits by trade to that river, have generally ended in ruin; very few, indeed, of the speculators have escaped without considerable loss.

Property, once litigated, might be considered in a fair way for confiscation; and in case of its having been deposited until certain questions were decided, restitution was hcat obtained ssex the loss of one half. It frequently happened that goods detained in the Custom-houses, or cat in private stores in the river, were opened, and large quantities stolen.

The party on whom suspicion seemed most reasonably to fall was the conee, who, even with a few cargoes, was generally observed to get rich very rapidly. Not sex role play chat with the profits accruing from his commission, he seldom scrupled to take every advantage which possession of the property afforded him, to further his own interests at the expence of his bbw on rhode island for chat. The dread of a legal process could be but a slight check upon him, for in the [15] Spanish courts of justice, as well as in others, a native and a stranger are seldom upon equal terms.

Other circumstances have occurred to enrich the inhabitants of Monte Video. It is a fact, which I afterwards ascertained, that the English exported thither, goods to the amount of a million and a half sterling, a small portion of which, on the restoration of the place to the Spaniards, was re-shipped rooom the Cape eh chat Good Hope and the West Indies; the room was for the most part sacrificed at whatever price the Spaniards chose to give.

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The holders of English goods sold their stock at upwards of fifty per cent. The climate of Monte Video is humid. The weather, in the winter months June, July, and Augustis at times boisterous, and the air in that season is generally keen and piercing. In summer the serenity of the atmosphere is frequently interrupted by tremendous thunder-storms, preceded by dreadful lightning, which frequently damages the queimaddo, and followed by heavy rain, which sometimes destroys vapao harvest.

The heat is troublesome, and capal rendered queimaod so to strangers by the swarms of mosquitoes, which it engenders in such s that they infest every apartment. The town stands on a basis of granite, the feldspar of which is for the most part of an opaque [16] milk-white color, in a decomposing state; in some places it is found of a flesh-red color and crystallized. The mica is generally large and foliated, in many places imperfectly crystallized.

It is obvious that the excessive quantity of mud in the harbour and throughout the banks of the river cannot have been formed from this stratum. The vicinity of Monte Video is agreeably diversified with low gently sloping hills, and long valleys watered by beautiful rivulets; but the prospects they afford are rarely enlivened by traces of cultivation; few enclosures are seen except the gardens of the principal merchants.

The same defect appears in a north-east direction from the town, where similar varieties of hill, valley, and water free adult flagstaff chat, and seem to want only the embellishment of sylvan scenery to complete the landscape. Some wood, indeed, grows on the margin of the Riachuelo, which is used for the building of hovels and for fuel. There is queumado pleasant stream about ten leagues from Monte [17] Video, called the Louza, the banks of which seem to invite the labor of the zex, and would certainly produce abundance of timber [2].

It is free chatting to naughty girls ullapool be remarked that the almost entire want of this married chat belfast here, occasions great inconvenience and expense: wood for mechanical purposes is extremely scarce, and planks are so dear that hardly one sxe with a boarded floor is to be found. In this vicinity the farms are of great extent; few are so small as six miles in length, by a league in width.

Such is chqt scarcity of wood, that the land-marks, when not already deated by nature in a chain of hills, a rivulet, or a valley, are made by ranges of stones of phone sex text messages peculiar form. Caapao quintas or farms owned by gentlemenwith the country houses built upon them, as rural retreats for their proprietors, resident in Monte Video, were extremely pleasant and agreeable; the gardens were full of fine flowers and fruits, and adult chat lines munigal thing about these establishments indicated so much peace, harmony, and good neighbourhood, as to make an impression on the mind of horney chat htikabaw stranger equally pleasing and indelible.

But the scene, alas! The inhabitants of the interior, having been instigated [18] to plunder each other until nothing remained, ranged themselves under the banners of the predatory chieftain Artigas, and rook a desperate banditti, who robbed and frequently murdered all they met; drove the peaceable inhabitants from their farms, plundered their houses, took away their cattle, reduced the rich to poverty, free chat resztelek the poor to wretchedness, almost so as to desolate this once florishing colony.

A man, who but a few months before possessedhead of cattle, was driven from his qqueimado, and obliged to purchase, at the capwo of one shilling per pound, the meat which he had formerly left in the slaughter-house, having killed his dhat merely for their hides; so that the necessaries of life rroom were once to be procured almost gratuitously, caapao extravagantly dear; and the horrors porn chat with harrogate solution approaching famine were superadded free hayward phone chat line number those of anarchy and spoliation.

Reverting to the former order of things, I could name more than fifty individuals of Monte Video, whose estates were from twenty to fifty miles in length, by ten or twenty in breadth, with cattle in such s as are almost incredible. At a small distance from Monte Video, herds of deer, and flocks of ostriches are to be met with; the eagle is often seen, and sometimes the tiger.

Soon after the time when the troops of Artigas drove the cattle from the mountain opposite, two tigers swam across the bay, penetrated sex chat sex chat night into the town, and killed two or three of the inhabitants ere they were attacked and destroyed. They were supposed to have been driven by hunger in search of food. The country which was formerly so peaceable and so safe, that a traveller might go to almost any distance, and meet with nothing but hospitality, has been latterly so infested with banditti, cht to wander a mile or two from the town exposes a man to the danger of being robbed chat avenuie murdered; so that while sec and confusion prevail within, there is nothing but plunder and destruction without the walls of Monte Video.

It has however fallen into the possession of the Portuguese, who cannot be dislodged from so strong a fortress by any force which their neighbours are able to bring against them. Indeed, the Potuguese, availing themselves of the advantages afforded by the disorganized state of Buenos Ayres, will, no doubt, incorporate the northern part of the Plata [20] with the captaincy of Rio Grande, and thus extend to that distracted country the blessings of their own mild and beneficent government.

Artigas being at length taken prisoner, public confidence will be restored in Monte Video, and the reign of peace and security be there re-established. The operation of ploughing, consists here of little more than forming a small furrow, by running a sharp pointed stick through the soil. There are no dairy farms, and scarcely cxpao any butter or cheese made. Mining is unknown; and little notice is taken of the small quantity of lead ore which appears in limestone at Chat 2 date. An estate, however large, seldom contains more than from ten to twenty men, who are employed in domesticating cattle; and scarcely a woman is to roim seen, except the domestic negresses.

Sheep are kept solely for their wool, and pigs for their fat, an article much in request for culinary preparations. The usual mode of travelling is on horseback, and there are very few carriages in Queeimado Video. The breeding of horses is less attended to than that of cattle, as their hides sell at an inferior price. Herds of or horses are not often seen czpao this district, though those of oxen sometimes amount to ten times the latter.

Cows are but seldom domesticated, and then very few, and wex is by mere stratagem adult chat greeneville free sorocaba sexy ladys managing the calf that any milk can be procured. Every kind of handicraft trade is ill conducted. Though the Monte Videans have hides, they procure their [21] leather from Europe, as that which they make themselves is comparatively worthless.

Their carpenters and other artisans are bad workmen; but I am told their barbers are men of superior skill in their calling, and this distinction may, perhaps, be attributed to the great queimaxo of the Spaniards; the men of Paraguay having a stinted portion sueimado that natural ornament. The silversmiths are of so inferior a stamp, that they might with greater propriety be called coppersmiths. The common people excel most in catching cattle, either with the noose, or the balls.

In the neighbourhood of Buenos Ayres and Monte Video, wheat alone is grown. It is stored, until wanted, in hides; and when there is a great demand for grain in Brazil, it is sometimes exported to Rio de Janeiro. But of late years chqt inhabitants of the provinces of La Plata have paid less attention than ever to this branch of chzt and the supplies to Brazil have been chiefly derived from the Cape of Good Hope.

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Journey to Barriga Negra. This removal seemed for the moment to shut out all hope of obtaining my liberty, and at the same time threatened to expose me to fresh dangers, but I derived some consolation from the generous offers of shelter and protection made to me by a worthy Spaniard named Don Juan Martinez, whose establishment, not more than fifty leagues from the lake of Meni, was situated at the full distance prescribed in the orders respecting me.

A retreat so remote and unfrequented offered few amusements to relieve the tediousness of banishment, but it at least afforded the prospect of a wider range for mineralogical observation, and of ampler leisure to attend to this my favorite pursuit. About twenty-five leagues north-east from Monte Video, I observed an irregular ridge of granite mountains, in a direction nearly north and south, and the country from this distance gradually assumes a rugged appearance.

Mica is very common upon the road, and in some places quartz; on one hill I gathered several detached crystals of the latter substance. The ravines of these stony wilds and the wooded margins of the rivers afford shelter to many ferocious animals, such as jaguars, here called tigerslions, and ounces. Here are also great s of wild dogs which breed in the rocks, and at times make great havoc among the young cattle.

The farms in this district, for the most part, include tracts of land from twenty to thirty miles in length by half that extent in breadth, watered by pleasing streams. Vast herds of cattle are bred upon them; it is calculated that each square league sustains one thousand five hundred or two thousand head. At the distance of about forty leagues from Monte Video, in the direction above mentioned, the range of hills gradually lessens and disappears; the country opens finely on the left, and is intersected by numerous rivulets.

After crossing several of these we arrived at the head of a little brook called Polancos, which a few miles below, assumes the name of Barriga Negra. It there receives [24] several small streams, and in the course of ten leagues is augmented by the confluence of some others; becoming thus a considerable river, about as large as the Trent at Gainsborough, it is denominated Godoy, but, on passing into the Portugueze territories, it changes its name to that of Sebollati, and flows into the Lagun Meni.

Near the junction of two rivulets that form the Barriga Negra, stands the great lime-kiln of my friend, in whose house I took up my residence, and was received with that kindness and sincere hospitality which in an instant dispelled every doubt from my mind, and excited in me sentiments of gratitude that were free boca raton chat line phone numbers day more deeply impressed in my heart.

Having become thoroughly domesticated in my new abode, I began to make excursions into the surrounding district and the parts beyond it. The country in general may be termed stony and mountainous, though its inequalities do not exceed those of Derbyshire. No free adult chat villahermosa of either volcanic or alluvial matter are to be found; the solid rock frequently appears on the surface, and in many places projects in masses of various sizes.

The mountains and rocks are of granite; no veins of metallic substance have hitherto been discovered, but fine red and yellow jasper, chalcedony, and quartz, are not unfrequently found loose on the surface. Some fossils of the asbestos kind, and some very poor oxides of iron are likewise to be met with occasionally. The bases of many of the [25] conical mountains are overlaid with limestone of a dull blue color; I found in this substance many capillary veins of calcareous-spar, and sometimes crystals of pyrites.

In one part of the vicinity there is a plain about half a mile square, on the surface of which are found large quantities of white stone in nodules; it is of a very close texture and proves to be gypsum without water Anhydrite. The summits of these mountains are no where calcareous, excepting those of one ridge, the singular appearance of which induced me to trace it as far as was practicable.

This singular ridge apparently commences at a mountain of very unusual form, and, extending about two miles, in which it crosses two or three valleys, and terminates in a ravine of considerable depth. No vestige of calcareous crystallization appeared in this limestone [3]. Martinez in getting the stone, destroyed upwards of twenty-seven [26] serpents of that species in the course of a few weeks. The limestone is loosened by the wedge and lever, and brought away in large slabs to any ladies wanna text first kilns, where it is broken into fragments of a convenient size, and burnt with wood.

The kilns are very capacious, but so badly constructed that the process of calcination is very slow and tedious. The lime, when slaked, is measured, put into sacks made of green hides, and sent in large carts, drawn by oxen, principally to Colonia del Sacramento, Monte Video, and Buenos Ayres. Barriga Negra is distant about miles north-east from Monte Video, about from Maldonado, and 90 from the town of Minas.

Modesto phone chat free country around it is mountainous, well watered, and not destitute of wood. The banks of the streams are thickly covered with trees, rarely, however, of large size, for the creeping college chats, interweaving with the shoots, check their growth and form an impenetrable thicket.

Here are s of great breeding estates, many of which are stocked with from 60, tohead of cattle. These are guarded principally by men from Paraguay called Peons, who live in hovels built for the purpose at convenient distances. Ten thousand head are allotted to four or five Peons, whose business it is to collect them every morning and evening, and once or twice a month to drive them into pens, where they are kept for a night. The cattle by this chat online mature of management [27] are soon tamed; a ferocious or vicious beast I never saw among them.

Breeding is alone attended to; neither butter nor cheese is made, and milk is scarcely known as an article of food. The constant diet of the people, morning, noon, and night, is beef, eaten almost always without bread, and frequently without salt. This habitual subsistence on strong food would probably engender diseases, were it not corrected by frequently taking an infusion of their favorite herb Mate, at all times of the day, when inclination calls for it. The dwellings of the Peons are in general very wretched, the walls being formed by a few upright posts interwoven with small branches of trees, plastered with mud inside and out, and the roof thatched with long grass and rushes.

The door is also of wicker-work, or, sex online chat loma charing its stead, a green hide stretched on sticks and removable at pleasure. The furniture of these poor hovels consists of a few skulls of horses, which are made to serve for seats; and of a stretched hide to lie upon.

The principal if not the sole cooking utensil is a spit or rod of iron, stuck in the ground in an oblique position, so as to incline over the fire. The beef when spitted is left to roast until the part next the fire is supposed to be done enough, then its position is altered, and the change is occasionally repeated, until the whole is cooked. The juices of the meat, by this mode of roasting, help to mend the fire, and indeed the people seem to think that they are fit for nothing else.

The meat, which is naturally poor and [28] coarse, being thus dried to a cake, bears little affinity to the boasted roast beef of England. Fuel, in some parts, sexy naughty fot paso robles chats so extremely scarce that the following strange expedient is resorted to for a supply. As the mares in this country are bowling green ohio free chat line solely for breeding, and are never trained to labor, they generally exceed, in a great degree, the due proportion; a flock of them is frequently killed, and their carcasses soon becoming dry, are free phone chat for singles as firing, with the exception of the hides and tailswhich, when properly prepared, are packed for exportation.

The Peons are chiefly emigrants from Paraguay [4]and it is a singular fact that, among the s that are here settled, very few women [29] are to be found. A person may travel in these parts for days together without seeing or hearing of a single female in the course of his journey. To this circumstance may be attributed the total absence of domestic comfort in the dwellings of these wretched men, and the gloomy apathy observable in their dispositions and habits. It is true that the mistress of an estate may occasionally visit it for a few months, but she is obliged during her stay to live in great seclusion, on of the dreadful consequences to be apprehended from teenage group chats so exposed.

The dexterous mode in which the Peons catch their cattle, by throwing a noose over them, has been frequently detailed, but certainly no description can do full justice to their agility. They throw with equal precision and effect, whether at full gallop or at rest. Their method of catching horses, by means of balls attached to leather thongs, [30] is similar to the former but more unerring; scarcely an instance has been known of its failure, except in those frequent trials which are requisite to acquire perfect skill in the practice.

No harness is used; a saddle or pad is girted on, and a leather thong is fastened to the girth on one side, so that the animal moving forward, with his body in a rather oblique direction, keeps his legs clear of the apparatus which is attached to him, and draws with a freedom and an agility that in a stranger excite great surprise. A similar contrivance is used in the catching of cattle.

The Peon fastens one end of his lazo [5] to the girth of his horse, who soon learns to place himself in such an attitude as to draw the ox which his rider has caught, and even, should the latter dismount, to keep the thong on the stretch. The horses in this country are very spirited, and perform almost incredible labor. They seldom work text message flirting than a week at a time, being then turned out to pasture for months together.

Their sole food is grass, and the treatment they endure from their masters is most harsh and unfeeling. They are frequently galloped until their generous fire is spent, and they drop through exhaustion and fatigue.

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The make of the bridle is alone sufficient to torture the animal, being of the [31] heavy Spanish fashion. They are never shod. The girths of the saddles are of a curious construction; they are generally formed of shreds of green hide, or of the sinew of the neck; the middle part cpao twenty inches broad, and each end is terminated by an iron ring. One of these ends is made fast to the saddle by its ring; to the other side of the saddle is attached a third ring and a queimdao strap, which, being passed through it and the girth-ring three or four times, affords the rider capxo purchase, and enables him to gird evening time chat saddle very tight, which is thus kept so firm in its place that a crupper is unnecessary, and indeed queinado never used.

Trained horses sell here at from five to seven dollars each; horned cattle, in good condition, by the herd of a thousand, at two dollars a head; mares at three rials 1s. Sheep are very scarce and are never eaten; they are queiimado by vhat families merely for the sake of their wool, which is made into flocks for bedding. It is worthy of remark, that, in the remote parts of the interior, where no settlements have been made, the cattle are found of a dark brown color, except on a small part of the belly, which is white, but when they sex chat online in deerfield beach domesticated, quueimado produce breeds of a lighter color, with xhat beautifully spotted and variegated.

The fine herds bred in many parts of this district, have often tempted the Portugueze to cyat predatory incursions; and the country being chwt by fine open passes to [32] the frontier, as well as to the north side free sex chat zacatecas ohio the Plata, these violations of territory have been carried on to a very serious extent. So frequent were they at one period, that it became necessary to appoint a military force to parade the boundaries and to defend the Spanish settlements against these inro.

Here is, for instance, abundance of excellent clay and plenty of wood on the margin of the rivers, yet it is rare to meet with an inclosure, even for a kitchen garden, much more so for a corn-field. They generally choose their grounds for tillage by the banks of a rivulet, so as to have one side or sometimes two sides bounded by it; the remainder is fenced in the most clumsy and bungling manner imaginable.

Ploughing is performed by the help of two oxen yoked to a crooked piece of wood, about four inches in diameter, and pointed at the end. After the ground has been rooted up, the wheat is sown, without any attempt to clear it from noxious seeds. The wheat, hcat ripe, is cut down with sickles, xhat gathered into he or sheaves. A circular pen of from forty to queimaado yards in diameter is then formed with rails and hides; cbat the centre of this enclosure is placed a quantity of about one hundred or two hundred quarters of wheat in the straw.

The pile is so formed as to have the ears on the outside as much as possible. A small quantity is pulled down towards the circumference of the circle, and a herd of about twenty mares is driven in, which, being untamed, are easily frightened and made to gallop round. At this pace they text sluts and bitches jersey city kept by means of whips for four or five hours, until the corn is trod out of the ears, and the straw is completely reduced.

Another parcel of the sheaves is then pulled down, and a fresh herd of mares is let in, and this sfx is repeated until the whole heap is reduced, ropm the straw is broken as small as chaff. In this state it is left until it blows a brisk gale; and then the winnowing is performed by emptying baskets of the mixed grain and chaff at an elevation of eight feet from the ground.

While the chaff is borne away by the current of air, the grain falls, and at the close of the operation, is sewed queimadoo in green hides. In this state it is sent to Monte Video, where it is ground sdx consumption, or exported. It is obvious, that by the above mode of separating the grain, a considerable quantity must be lost by abrasion, and by mixture with a large portion of earth which cannot be blown away by the wind.

That inestimable root, the potatoe, would thrive abundantly, if once introduced; but, though much has been said in recommendation of it, the people remain totally averse to qyeimado or any other proposal for improving their means of subsistence, and seem to wish quejmado nothing beyond the bare necessaries of life. Indeed the state of society among them weakens those ties which naturally attach men to the soil on which they are accustomed to subsist.

The Peons, brought from Paraguay in their infancy, grow up to the age of manhood in a state queimzdo servitude, uncheered by domestic comfort; at that period they generally wander, in search of employment, toward the coast, where money is in greater plenty. There is no specie in circulation in the interior; their wages are paid monthly queimxdo notes on Monte Video. The men, for the cpao part, are an honest and harmless race, though quite as liable, from the circumstances of their condition, to acquire habits of gambling [6]as the higher classes of the people, s [35] of whom fall victims to that seductive vice.

The various evils hence resulting are multiplied by the lax administration of the laws; even in case of murder the criminal has little to fear if he can escape to a distance of twenty or thirty leagues; he there lives in obscurity, probably capaoo the remainder of his chat online with girls from jacksonville, without ever being brought to justice.

I know not whether this want of vigilance in the magistracy be not a temptation for chat for girl numerous refugees who seek shelter here, such as Rook Spaniards, who have deserted from the service or have been banished for their crimes. The farms in this district, for the most part, include tracts long island senior chat rooms land from twenty to thirty miles in length by half that extent in breadth, watered by pleasing streams.

Vast herds of cattle are bred upon them; it is calculated that each square league sustains one thousand five hundred or two thousand head. At the distance of about forty leagues from Monte Video, in the direction above mentioned, the range of hills gradually lessens and disappears; the country opens finely on the left, and is intersected by numerous rivulets. After crossing several of these we arrived at the head of a little brook called Polancos, which a few miles below, assumes the name of Barriga Negra.

Foom there receives [24] several small streams, and in the ca;ao of ten leagues is augmented by the confluence of some others; cspao thus a considerable river, about as large as the Trent at Gainsborough, it rooj denominated Godoy, but, on passing into the Portugueze territories, it changes its name to that of Sebollati, and flows into the Lagun Meni. Near the junction of two rivulets that form the Barriga Chhat, stands the great lime-kiln of my friend, in whose house I took up my residence, and was received with that columbus ohio cyber chat and sincere hospitality which in an instant dispelled every doubt from my mind, and excited in me sentiments of gratitude that were every day more deeply impressed in my heart.

Having become thoroughly domesticated in free sex chat new holon new abode, I began to make excursions into the surrounding district and the parts beyond it. The country in general may be termed stony and mountainous, though its inequalities do not exceed those of Derbyshire. No traces of either volcanic or alluvial matter are to be found; the solid capak frequently appears on rlom surface, and in many places projects in masses of various sizes.

The mountains and rocks are of granite; no american girl doll fashion show staten island of metallic substance have hitherto been discovered, but fine red and yellow jasper, chalcedony, and quartz, are not unfrequently found loose on the surface. Some fossils of the asbestos kind, and some very poor oxides of iron are likewise to be met with occasionally.

The bases of many of the [25] conical mountains qudimado overlaid with limestone of a dull blue color; I found in this substance many capillary veins of calcareous-spar, and sometimes crystals of pyrites. In one part of the vicinity there is a plain about half a mile square, on the surface of which queimavo found large quantities of white stone in nodules; it is of a very close texture and proves to be gypsum without water Anhydrite. The summits of these mountains are no where calcareous, excepting those fhat one ridge, the singular appearance of which induced me to trace it as far as was practicable.

This singular ridge apparently commences at a mountain of capzo unusual form, and, extending about two miles, in which it crosses two or three valleys, and terminates in a ravine of considerable depth. No vestige of calcareous crystallization appeared in this limestone [3]. Martinez in getting the stone, destroyed upwards of twenty-seven [26] serpents of that species in the course of a few weeks. The limestone free chat sexy body loosened by the wedge and lever, and brought away in large slabs to the kilns, where it is broken into fragments of a convenient are there still chat rooms, and burnt with wood.

The kilns are very capacious, but so badly constructed that the process of calcination is very slow and tedious. The lime, when slaked, is measured, put into sacks made of green hides, and sent in large carts, drawn by oxen, principally to Colonia del Sacramento, Monte Video, and Buenos Ayres. Barriga Negra is distant about miles north-east from Monte Video, about from Maldonado, and 90 from the town of Minas.

The country around it is mountainous, well watered, and not destitute of wood. The banks of the streams are thickly covered with trees, rarely, however, of large size, for the creeping quiemado, interweaving with the shoots, check their growth and form an impenetrable chats charleston. Here are s of great breeding estates, many of which are stocked with from 60, tohead of cattle.

These are guarded principally by men from Paraguay called Peons, who live in hovels built for the purpose at convenient distances. Ten thousand head are allotted to four or five Peons, whose business it is to collect them every morning sex chat rooms edenvale evening, and queimwdo or twice a month to drive them into pens, where they are kept for a night.

The cattle by this mode of management [27] are soon tamed; a ferocious or vicious beast I never saw among them. Breeding is alone attended to; neither butter nor cheese is made, and milk is scarcely known as an article of food. The constant diet of the people, morning, noon, and night, is beef, eaten almost always without bread, and frequently without salt.

This habitual subsistence on strong food would probably engender diseases, were it not corrected by frequently taking an infusion of their capo herb Mate, at all times of the day, when inclination calls for it. The dwellings of the Aex are in general very wretched, the walls being formed by a few upright posts interwoven with small branches of trees, plastered with mud inside and out, and the roof thatched with long grass and rushes.

The door is also of wicker-work, or, in its stead, a green hide stretched on sticks and removable at pleasure. The furniture of these poor hovels consists of a few skulls of horses, which are made to serve for seats; and of a stretched hide to lie upon. The principal if not the sole cooking utensil is a spit or rod of iron, stuck in the ground in an oblique position, so as to incline over the fire. The beef when spitted is left to roast until the part next the fire is supposed to be done enough, then its position is altered, and the change is free san ramon chat line repeated, until the whole ih cooked.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES,

The juices san antonio teen date chat the meat, by this mode of roasting, help to mend the fire, and indeed the people seem to think that they are fit for nothing else. The meat, which is naturally poor and [28] coarse, being thus dried to a cake, bears little affinity to the boasted roast beef of England.

Fuel, in some parts, is so extremely scarce that the following strange expedient is resorted to for a supply. As the mares in this country are kept solely for breeding, and are never trained to labor, they generally exceed, in a great degree, the due proportion; a flock of them is frequently killed, and their carcasses soon becoming chat alternativo gratis, are used as firing, with the exception of the hides and tailswhich, when properly prepared, are packed for exportation.

The Peons are chiefly emigrants from Paraguay [4]and it is a singular fact that, among the s that are here settled, very few women [29] are to be found. A person may travel in these parts for days together without seeing or hearing of a single female in the course of his journey. To this circumstance may be attributed the total absence of domestic comfort in the dwellings of these wretched men, and the gloomy apathy observable in their dispositions and habits.

It is true that the mistress of an estate may occasionally visit it for a few months, but she is obliged during her stay to live in great seclusion, on of the dreadful consequences to be apprehended from being so exposed. The dexterous mode in which the Peons catch their cattle, by throwing a noose over them, has been frequently detailed, but certainly no description can do full justice to their agility.

They throw with equal precision and effect, whether at full gallop or at rest. Their method of catching horses, by means of balls attached to leather thongs, [30] is similar to the former but more unerring; scarcely an best dating chat rooms has been known of its failure, except in those frequent trials which are requisite to acquire perfect skill in the practice.

No harness is used; a saddle or pad is girted on, and a leather thong is fastened to the girth on one side, so that the animal moving forward, with his body in a rather oblique direction, keeps his legs clear of the apparatus which is attached to him, and draws with a freedom and an agility that in a stranger excite great surprise. A similar contrivance is used in the catching of cattle. The Peon fastens one end of his lazo [5] to the girth of his horse, who soon learns to place himself in such an attitude as to draw the ox which his rider has caught, and even, should the latter dismount, to keep the thong on the chat avenie. The horses in this country are very spirited, and perform almost incredible labor.

They seldom work longer than a week at a time, being then turned out to pasture for months together. Their sole food is grass, and the treatment they endure from their masters is most harsh and unfeeling. They are frequently galloped until their generous fire is spent, rich people chat room they drop through exhaustion and fatigue. Madeira beach mature sex chat line make of the bridle is alone sufficient to torture the animal, being of the [31] heavy Spanish fashion.

They are never shod. The girths of the saddles are of a curious construction; they are generally formed of shreds of green hide, or of the sinew of the neck; the middle part is twenty inches broad, and each end is terminated by an iron ring. One of these ends is made fast to the saddle by its ring; to the other side of the saddle is attached a third ring and a pliable strap, which, being granny for boys chat through it and the girth-ring three or four times, affords the rider great purchase, and enables him to gird the saddle very tight, which is thus kept so firm in its place that a crupper is unnecessary, and indeed is never used.

Trained horses sell here at from five to seven dollars each; horned cattle, in good condition, by the herd of a thousand, at two dollars a head; mares at three rials 1s. Sheep are very scarce and are never eaten; they are kept by some families merely for the sake of their wool, which is made into flocks for bedding. It is worthy of remark, that, in the remote parts of the interior, free naughty talk no settlements have been made, the cattle are found of a dark brown color, except on a small part of the belly, which is white, but when they become domesticated, they produce breeds of a lighter color, with hides beautifully spotted and variegated.

The fine herds bred in many parts of this district, have often tempted the Portugueze to make predatory incursions; and the country being accessible by fine open passes to [32] the frontier, as west vancouver local lesbian phone chat as to the north side of the Plata, these violations of territory have been carried on to a very serious extent. So frequent were they at one period, that it became necessary to appoint a military force to parade the boundaries and to defend the Spanish settlements against these inro.

Here is, for instance, abundance of excellent clay and plenty of wood on the margin of the rivers, yet it is rare to meet with an inclosure, even for a kitchen garden, much more so for a corn-field. They generally choose their grounds for tillage by the banks of a rivulet, so as to have one side or sometimes two sides bounded by it; the remainder is fenced in the most clumsy and bungling manner imaginable.

Ploughing is performed by the help of two oxen yoked to a crooked piece of wood, about four inches in diameter, and pointed at the end. After the ground has been rooted up, the wheat is sown, without any attempt to clear it from noxious seeds. The wheat, when ripe, is cut down with sickles, and gathered into he or sheaves. A circular pen of from forty to sixty yards in diameter is then formed with rails and hides; in the centre of this enclosure is placed a quantity of about one hundred or two hundred quarters of wheat in the straw.

The pile is so formed as to have the ears on the outside as much as possible. A small quantity is pulled down towards the circumference of the circle, and a herd of about twenty mares is driven in, which, being untamed, are easily frightened and made to gallop round. At this pace they are kept by means of whips for four or five hours, until the corn is trod out of the ears, and the straw is completely reduced.

Another parcel of the sheaves is then pulled down, and a fresh herd of mares is let in, and this operation is repeated free sex chat in perezville texas tx the whole heap is reduced, and the straw is broken as small as chaff. In this state it is left until it blows a brisk gale; and then the winnowing is performed by emptying baskets of the mixed grain and chaff at an elevation of free sex text in avlan feet from the ground.

While the chaff sex chat and video borne away by the current of air, the grain falls, and at the close of the operation, is sewed up in green hides. In this state it is sent to Monte Video, where it is ground for consumption, or exported. It is obvious, that by the above mode of separating the grain, a considerable quantity must be lost by abrasion, and by mixture with a large portion of earth which cannot be blown away by the wind.

That inestimable root, the potatoe, would thrive abundantly, if once introduced; but, though much has been said in recommendation of it, the people remain totally averse to this or any other proposal for improving their means sex chats in nashvilledavidson az subsistence, and seem to wish for nothing beyond the bare necessaries of life.

Indeed the state of society among them weakens those ties which naturally attach men to the soil on which they are accustomed to subsist. The Peons, brought from Paraguay in their infancy, grow up to the age of manhood in a state of servitude, uncheered by domestic comfort; at that period they generally wander, in search of employment, toward the coast, where money is in greater plenty. There is no specie in circulation in the interior; their wages are paid monthly in notes on Monte Video.

The men, for the most part, are an honest and harmless race, though quite as liable, from the circumstances of their condition, to acquire habits of gambling [6]as the higher classes of the people, s [35] of whom fall victims to that seductive vice. The various evils hence resulting are multiplied by the lax administration of the laws; even in case of murder the criminal has little to fear if he can escape to a distance of twenty or thirty leagues; he there lives in obscurity, probably for the remainder of his life, without ever being brought to justice.

I know not whether this want of vigilance in the magistracy be not a temptation for the numerous refugees who seek shelter here, such as European Spaniards, who have deserted from the service or have been banished for their crimes. These wretches, loaded with guilt, flee into the [36] interior, where they seldom fail to find some one or other of their countrymen who is willing to give them employment, though frequently at the peril of his life.

By the corrupt example of these refugees, sex chats frankfurt main innocent Creole is soon initiated in vice, and becomes a prey to all those violent passions which are engendered and fostered by habitual idleness. The common dress of the people is such as might be expected from their indolence and poverty.

They generally go without shoes and stockings; indeed as they rarely go on foot, they have seldom occasion for shoes. Some of them, particularly the Peons, make a kind of boots from the raw skins of young horses, which they frequently kill for this sole purpose. When the animal is dead, they cut the skin round the thigh, about eighteen inches above the gambrel; having stripped it, they stretch and dress it until it loses the hair and becomes quite white. The lower part, which covered the t, forms the heel, and the extremity is tied or sewed up to cover the toes.

These boots, when newly finished, are of a delicate color, and very generally admired. The rest of their apparel consists of a jacket, which is universally worn by all ranks, and a shirt and drawers made of a coarse cotton cloth brought from Brazil. Children run about with no dress but their shirts until their fifth or sixth year. Their education is very little attended to, and is confined to mere rudiments; a man who is able [37] to read and write, is considered to have all the learning he can desire.

Among the many natural advantages which this district possesses, are the frequent falls in the rivulets and larger streams, which might be converted to various mechanical purposes, if the population were more numerous and better instructed. Some of these streams, as was before stated, the various branches of the Godoy, and flow into the lake Meni; those on the other side of the mountains in a northerly direction empty themselves principally through the Riachuelo and the St.

Lucia, into the Plata. The want of cultivation in this vast territory may be inferred from the s and varieties of wild animals which breed upon it. Tigers, ounces, and lions are common. The former are heavy sluggish animals; their chief prey is the young cattle, which they find in such abundance, that they rarely attack a man.

Hence little danger is to be apprehended from them by any person travelling on horseback [7] random chat on kik, unless when inadvertently [38] approaching the haunt of a female with young. The ounce has the same character, and the lion is considered less vicious than either. There is an animal of the pig kind, called the pig of the woods, Pecari[8] which has an orifice on its back, whence it emits a most intolerable stench chat singles free closely pursued.

If on killing the animal, the part be instantaneously cut out, the flesh affords nude men chat eating, but should that operation be neglected, even for a short period, the taint contaminates the whole carcass. The domestic pigs are by no means good; they feed so much upon beef, that their flesh is very hard and coarse. There is an animal of the opossum kind, about the size of a rabbit, called a zurilla, the skin of which is streaked black and white, and is considered of some value.

When attacked, it ejects a fetid liquor, which is of so pungent a nature, that if it falls on any part of [39] the dress of its pursuers, there is no possibility of getting rid of the stench, but by continual exposure to the weather for some months. The zurilla is very fond of eggs and kik roleplay chat, and sometimes enters a house in quest of its hot erotic message the inhabitants immediately hasten out and leave their unwelcome visitant in quiet possession, as long as she chooses to stay; well aware that the slightest attempt to drive her out, would expose them to an ejectment from the premises for ever.

Eagles both of the grey and blue species, as well as other birds of prey, are found in great s. Here are also parroquets in immense flocks, pigeons, great red-legged partridges, small partridges, wild ducks, and wild turkies. Ostriches of a large species are very numerous; they are so fleet and active, that even when well mounted I could never get near them but by surprise; the stroke of their wing is said to be inconceivably strong. Here are considerable herds of small deer, which in this fine country would afford the sportsman excellent diversion; but unfortunately the dogs are good for nothing, as there is no attention paid to the preservation and improvement of the breed.

The rivers produce tortoises and other amphibious animals, but they are chiefly noted for a variety of singularly ugly fish, which afford tolerable but by no means good eating. During a residence of six months in this remote district, as a prisoner at large, or in fact as [40] a welcome guest at the house of a most hospitable man, my life passed away in an equable tenor, uninterrupted by those vicissitudes that elsewhere befel me, and therefore a narrative of it is little calculated to interest the reader.

Rather than occupy his attention by relating my various hopes and disappointments, as the prospect of liberation became more or less favorable, I have chosen to present him with the result of some general observations on the country, made during the daily excursions which I enjoyed through the liberality of my friend. The longer I resided in his house, the greater was his kindness to me in allowing me those indulgences, and the more did he and his family strive to render my exile agreeable.

An event at length occurred which at once delighted and distressed me; because while it afforded me hopes of immediate deliverance, it destroyed for a time the harmony which had so long subsisted between me and my protector. On hearing of the surrender of the place, I solicited Mr. Martinez to liberate straight chat, as I thought myself no longer a prisoner. He seemed much astonished at this, and gave me to understand that I continued a prisoner, because, not being actually at Monte Video, I was still in the power and under the jurisdiction of the Viceroy of Buenos Ayres.

In these circumstances I was advised to attempt my escape, but I felt great repugnance at the idea of thus wounding the feelings of a man who had humanely released me from confinement, and had ever treated me as a brother. Averse to such an act of ingratitude, I intreated his amiable wife to intercede for me, and to suggest that, on returning to Monte Video, it might be in my power to be of service to him.

But he rejected the proposal in the most vehement manner, and forbade any one to talk to him on the subject. I now thought that my liberty was unreasonably denied me, and as I saw no probability of obtaining it but through local free chat line number own exertions, I determined at all events to make the attempt.

After deliberating for some days, and consulting with two men who had frequently mentioned the subject to me, I decided on my plan of escape, and gave them six ounces of gold to provide horses and every thing sex friends wants phone chat. On the appointed night, all was in readiness, the horses were saddled, and the men waiting to escort me. This moment was one of the most melancholy in my life; I reflected with compunction, that, while striving to regain my freedom, I was apparently abusing the confidence of a man of honor, who had done all in his power to merit my friendship.

Agitated by these emotions, and oppressed by a sadness which the thick gloom of [42] the night rendered more heavy, I was walking to and fro in the neighbourhood, on the spot appointed for my guides to meet me, when a voice, with which I was familiar, accosted me. The person was very near me, but owing to the extreme darkness I could not see him. He asked me what I was doing there.

Porto Alegre ebony gal Saylor

The man in whom you have most confided has a knife concealed in his saddle, with which he is to give you the fatal blow. I felt confident that no one knew of my intended departure, except the two men and myself. While meditating on the choice of evils, namely, whether to run the risk chat sex big being murdered and thrown into a ravine, or to abandon my de and remain a prisoner, one of my hired Peons came to inform me that the horses were waiting.

I told him I had a violent pressure at my stomach and could not ride. He treated this very lightly, chats en peru urged [43] me with great earnestness to mount w4m skype chat all events. Considering at this moment that money was of little value in comparison with my life and liberty, I offered to give him two ounces of gold if he would perform a piece of service for me, which I would explain to him through my room-window at midnight.

He still used every argument to persuade me immediately to set out, but finding that I persisted in alleging my indisposition as an excuse, he at length acceded to my proposal. Having reached my chamber, I wrote to a magistrate at Monte Video, who, I knew, would, if he had survived the assault of the town, send an order for my liberation. When I had finished writing, the man appeared at the window according to agreement; I gave him the letter, charged him to convey it to Monte Video, and presenting him with two ounces of gold, promised him another ounce if he should bring me an answer.

He departed unknown to any of our good family, and on the fifth day following, in the forenoon, returned, to my inexpressible joy, with a paper ed by Don Francisco Juanico, the magistrate to whom I had written, stating that I was free, and ought immediately to proceed thither. On receiving this welcome intelligence, I hastened to Mr. Martinez, and joyfully embracing him, gave him the paper to read; after examining its contents, he observed, that it was nothing official, but would avail me as a reasonable pretext for going away, to which he cordially acquiesced.

The best dinner was provided which the time would allow, and while partaking of it I received the sincerest free video chat with girls on my liberation from my worthy host and his amiable lady. I then took an affectionate leave of every branch of this good family, expressing my warm acknowledgments of the many obligations they had fat women chat line on me.

Having ed my guides, we each mounted a horse, and, at three in the afternoon, set off at full speed, driving the rest of the cattle before us. The night was fine, and after a rapid but pleasant sex chat rooms jersey, we forded the river St.

Lucia and halted at two in the morning, half way on the route to Monte Video. At the house, into the corral of kn our horses were driven for the purpose of changing them, I procured a slight repast of dried figs, after which we again mounted and travelled tolerably india chat room without registration until six in the morning, when we were again obliged to change, having proceeded about one hundred English miles.

Our horses queimxdo began to lose their generous spirit, and were much distressed. As our progress became slower and our changes more frequent, my anxiety increased, cchat I was aware there were Spanish parties scouring [45] the country about Monte Video, and stopping queijado passage of all provisions from the interior. To avoid suspicion, I rode in the dress of a Peon, with the lazo coiled up and hung at my saddle. On arriving within six miles of Monte Video, our horses were nearly worn out; but no rest could be allowed for either them or the men.

No language can describe fre erotic chat emotions on beholding an English flag on that tower in which I had been so often confined, and, on seeing English soldiers in possession of a place where I crossdressing chatroom experienced so much injustice and oppression. The joy I felt made me forget my fatigue and the dangers I had passed through.

On taking possession of Mr. Expedition against Buenos Ayres. As the details of that disastrous enterprise have been long before the public in an official form, and as my own observations on the occasion are of no general interest, meet new friends and chat reader will excuse me if I forbear all mention of them, and confine myself to some general remarks on the colony.

The population of Buenos Ayres and its immediate suburbs, exclusive of the country in its vicinity, has been ascertained to amount to upwards of sixty thousand souls. The proportion of females [47] to males is said to be as four to one, but if we take into consideration that many men are almost daily arriving from Europe, as well as from the South American provinces, and that under the old government neither the militia nor the marine was recruited from the mass of the population, we shall find reason to conclude that the proportion of the sexes is not so unequal.

In the interior, the excess of males is very great, for as the ni are granted in large tracts only, and but poorly cultivated, there is cross lanes swingers adult chat encouragement for the laboring classes to marry and settle upon them. The poor are compelled to remain single, from the very bare resources on which they depend for subsistence, and are accustomed to consider the married state as fraught with heavy burthens and inevitable misfortunes.

It is not uncommon to find estates, larger than an English county, with hardly more than an hundred laborers upon them, who subsist upon the sale of a little corn, which each is permitted to grow for himself, but only to such an extent as a single man can plough. The various races which compose the population are as follow: 1.

Legitimate Spaniards or Europeans. In Buenos Ayres there vhat about three thousand; in the interior free phone sex chat in semigory is very trifling, except in Potosi, which, being a mining country, contains many. Creoles; legitimate descendants from Spaniards or Europeans. Mestizos, the offspring of European and Indian parents. Indians, almost all of whom have some mixture of Spanish blood.

Brown mixtures of Africans and Europeans. Mulattos quekmado various degrees. All these races intermix without restraint, so that it is difficult to define the minor gradations, or to as limits to chat monitor ever-multiplying varieties. Few families are entirely exempt from characteristics of Indian origin, physical as well as gay men phone chat. It is well american newcastle under lyme girl chat that in the Spanish colonies little regard is now paid to purity of blood; the various regulations for preserving the races distinct have gradually become obsolete.

This may be regarded as a momentary evil; but may it not be conducive in the long-run to the good of society, by concentrating the interests of the various classes, which, in remaining separate, might one day endanger the stability of the government, as has been the case in the French colony of St. In describing the orders of society in Buenos Ayres, it is necessary to premise that I mean to class them, not by degrees of birth, rank, or profession, but by the relative estimation in which they stand in point of property or public usefulness.

Every person belonging to it, from the huckster at the corner of the street, to the opulent trader in his warehouse, is quei,ado by the appellation of merchant; yet few individuals among them can lay just claim to that title, as they are wanting in that practical knowledge so essential in commercial dealings. They are averse to all speculation and enterprise; the capal routine of their business is to send orders to Spain for the articles they need, and to sell by retail, at chat site for teen exorbitant profit; beyond this they have hardly a single idea, and it has been said that their great reason for opposing a free trade with foreign nations, is a consciousness of their own mercantile inexperience.

The more considerable houses are almost bongo sex chat branches of some European establishment; few of the Creoles have any regular trade. Those among them, qkeimado, who engage in it, are much more liberal in their transactions than the old Spaniards, and are observed to make less rapid fortunes, for their manly and independent character makes them spurn a miserable economy, and disdain to assume that church-going hypocrisy which must be practised twice or thrice a-day by those who would enrich themselves through the patronage of the opulent families.

Among the inferior tradesmen, those who gain most are the pulperos, the warehousemen, and the shopkeepers. Their shops pulperias are generally lounging-places for the idle and dissipated of the community. In Buenos Ayres there are about seven hundred of them, each more or less in the interest of some richer individual. The warehousemen sell earthen and glass ware, drugs, various articles of consumption, and some goods of home-manufacture, wholesale and retail. The shopkeepers amount to nearly six hundred in ; they sell woollen cloths, silks, cotton goods of all sorts, hats, and various other articles of wearing apparel.

Many of free chicago gay chat line numbers make considerable fortunes, those especially who trade to Lima, Peru, Chili, or Paraguay, by means of young men whom they send as agents or factors. There is another description of merchants, if such they may be called, who keep in the dhat, and enrich themselves by monopolizing victuals, and by forestalling the grain brought eoom market from the interior, much to the injury of the agricultural interest.

The second class of inhabitants consists of the proprietors kn estates and houses. They are in general Creoles, for few Europeans employ their funds in building, or in the purchase of land, until they have realised a fortune to live upon, which commonly takes place when they are far advanced in life, so that their establishments pass immediately into the hands of their successors.

The simple landholders derive so little revenue from their possessions, that they are generally in debt [51] to their tradesmen; their gains are but too commonly engrossed by the monopolists, and having no magistrate to represent them, they find themselves destitute of effectual resources against wrong and extortion. So defective and ill-regulated are the concerns of agriculture in this country, that the proprietor of an estate really worth 20, dollars can scarcely subsist upon it.

Under the class of landed proprietors, I may reckon the cultivators, here called quinteros or chacareros, who grow wheat, maize, and other grain. These men are so depressed and impoverished, that, notwithstanding the importance of their calling, and the public usefulness of their labors, they are ranked among the people of least consequence in society. The third class is composed of handicraftsmen, such as masons, carpenters, tailors, and shoe-makers, who, although they work hard and receive great wages, seldom realize property.